What is “HZB”?
If you would like to study in Germany, you need a higher education entrance qualification comparable to a German higher secondary school certificate. This is called in Germany the “Hochschulzugangsberechtigung-HZB”, which allows you to study in a German university.
What is the meaning of a direct and indirect “HZB”?
With a direct HZB you are entitled to start your studies straight away. If your qualification is only conditionally comparable you will have to complete a study preparatory course (Studienkolleg) prior to the start of your studies and pass the assessment test “Feststellungsprüfung”, which includes a language test.
What is a Studienkolleg?
A Studienkolleg is a preparatory course for International applicants that do not have an equal school-leaving certificate. The course offers language teaching as well as different core subject areas, depending on what you want to study. The core courses offered at a university are G (humanities)/W (business studies)/T (technical and science studies)/S (language studies)/M (medical and biological studies) and at a Universities of Applied Sciences WW (business)/TI (technical and engineering)/SW (social studies)/GD (design and art). The course lasts one year and it ends with an assessment test (Feststellungsprüfung).
There are state Studienkollegs that are free of charge – apart from a semester fee – and offer certificates recognized throughout Germany. You can also choose a private Studienkolleg, which you have to pay a tuition fee for, but you will receive a guaranteed placement once you have passed the entrance test. Eurasia offers such an opportunity through its cooperation with Wildau For You Foundation (WFY) and the Charité International Academy.
Am I eligible for a Bachelor´s degree?
The Central Board for Foreign Education sets the requirements for the evaluation of International applicants qualifications. Most of the German universities use those criteria to evaluate academic performance of the applicants. You can find the required regulations in the following database: http://anabin.kmk.org
If you fulfill the requirements for the direct university access you only have to acquire the German language proficiency.
Am I eligible for a Master´s degree?
Every university has its own criteria for a Master access. Generally, you need at least a 3-year Bachelor degree, sometimes even a 4-year Bachelor degree, depending on the country of origin.
What documents do I need for my application to a German university?
The required documents for application can vary from university to university. Generally, the following documents are required: application form, academic certificates, CV, letter of motivation (depending on the course of study), language certificate, copy of passport and sometimes a passport-sized photo.
Do I need to send original documents or copies in my application?
As a general rule, you should NEVER hand in the original certificate. Instead, you need to send officially authenticated copies of your documents! You can get the authentication of your documents in your home country by a notary or the German Embassy, or you can do that in Germany in the local public office or the notary.
Do I have to translate my documents? If yes in what language?
In general, documents issued in English do not have to be translated into German. All the other documents must be translated by a translator that is recognized by the state.
What is a University of Applied Sciences and how is it different from a University?
The international term for 'Fachhochschule' is 'University of Applied Sciences’. As the name itself states, they are distinguished for the professional and practical training in a specialized area and their close cooperation with industry. Due to the smaller number of students there is an intensive supervision by the professors. In many UAS degree courses (mainly engineering, natural sciences and business administration) projects are undertaken by students with real companies so that the knowledge gained can be used straight away. A University is, on the other hand, focused on research and theoretical knowledge and less on application-oriented knowledge. As a result, students have to organise themselves to large extent. A University is mostly suitable for humanities and social sciences.
They both lead to Bachelor’s and Master’s degree but if you want to pursue PhD you should attend a University, since a FH offers PhD programs only in cooperation with a University.
What are the degrees offered?
Bachelor- undergraduate degree
Master- graduate degree/consecutive course
State exams- For Medicine, Pharmacy, Law, Veterinary medicine
Diploma- it is being gradually replaced by BA/MA degrees, but is still offered in many science and engineering programs.
Magistra- like the Diplom, only aimed at arts, humanities and social studies. Has also been phased out the past years
Teacher’s training- For educational studies PhD- postgraduate degree
What is Numerus Clausus- NC?
If a subject has a “NC” there is only a limited number of places available on a course at a university. The selection of the students is therefore based on a restricted admission, which depends on the average grade laid down by the institution of higher education. Subjects such as medicine, dentistry, psychology or pharmacy accept only a limited number of students. NC-free courses, on the other hand, do not require any grade point average and you can enroll directly.
When do the study courses begin in Germany?
Usually the courses at universities begin either in the summer semester (SoSe) or winter semester (WS). However, most common is the matriculation in the WS. This begins, depending on the institution, usually in September (for UAS) or in October (for Universities).
How do I apply for a course of study?
To apply for your desired program you can send your documents together with the application form directly to the University of your Choice. At some universities though, you have to apply through Application Services for International Students, which will pre-check your documents and if you meet the necessary criteria, they will forward them on to the respective universities.
Are there any deadlines for the application?
If your course starts in the winter semester you generally have to apply by July 15 at the latest. For the summer semester the application deadline usually ends on January 15. Please note that application deadlines can vary from university to university, and depend on whether it involves a NC or a NC-free course of study. This is why you should ALWAYS inquire at the university of your choice in advance.
What language certificates are required from universities?
In Germany most of the university programs are taught in German, so if you want to be admitted on a study course you must have sufficient knowledge of the language. If you are to attend a Studienkolleg your German language skills need to be at the B1/B2 level. UAS or universities require at least C1 level or, if you did not attend Studienkolleg, the DSH or the Test DaF certificates. Both examinations are equal. However DSH has to be taken at a university. Test DaF or Telc C1 Hochschule can be gained at Eurasia Institute.
What are the best universities for my field of studies?
There are no official university rankings in Germany. However, widely used is the CHE, The Center for Higher Education Development, which publishes a detailed ranking of Germany’s universities and UAS. The ranking rates the study conditions, quality of studies and reputation of the institution. On the CHE website you can find out what the top-ranked German universities are in every subject area. Although universities in Germany are commonly not categorised, there are the so called “TU9” universities that are particularly attractive in the engineering field.
The German grading system
By evaluating your academic certificates your achieved grade point average will be transferred into a German grade.
Usually the following grading system will be applied at German universities:
1.0 very good
6.0 very poor
In order to pass an exam you need to achieve minimum 4.0. Additionally, you get credit points for the subjects taken at university according to the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS).
How much does it cost to study in Germany?
Most universities in Germany do not charge tuition fees for undergraduate students. You only have to pay a semester fee, varying between 150 to 300 Euros, depending on the institution. This semester ticket is considered as identification and entitles the student to use all public transport in the city or region free of charge for the entire semester. Postgraduate courses (Master’s and Ph.D.) however, are liable for some extra costs, varying between €650 and a few thousand Euros per semester.
Am I allowed to work while studying in Germany?
EU citizens do not need a permit to work in Germany and are practically equivalent to German students. Non-EU students can work 120 full-days or 240 half-days.